This is Sparta!!!!

May 23, 2013

Annotated Bib

Filed under: —— Christopher Hayes @ 4:05 pm

Bucher T. Katherine, Manning Lee M. “Bringing Graphic Novels into a school’s curriculum.” The Clearing House, 78 (2004):      67-72. web.

The focus in this journal entry is the rise of the graphic novel and should it be brought into the schools curriculum.Bucher and Manning write that “A graphic novel is dynamic format of image and word that delivers meaning and enjoyment.” (Bucher, Manning 67). Why shouldn’t kids be allowed to enjoy what they read? If young adults actually enjoyed the readings assigned to them they would be more inclined to read. Thus, America overall literacy rate would increase and we would have more of our kids enjoying reading. Manning and Bucher use Frank Miller’s 300 as an example of the types of graphic novels that can be used in the classroom because “Frank Miller and Lynn Varley combine fact and fantasy to retell the story of the Spartans and the battle of Thermopylae.” (Bucher, Manning 69). The reason this article is useful because it raises the idea of the graphic novel, with it’s action imagery, being useful to kids rather than hurting them because it entertains them. All the while children can learn some true details about the battle of Thermopylae which would entice them to seek further information on the historic event, educating them further.

Craft, C. John. “The pass at Thermopylae, Greece.” Journal of Field Archaeology 14.2 (1987): 181-198. web.

This article describes the narrow passageway the Greeks supposedly used in the Battle of Thermopylae to funnel the Persian soldiers and reduce the Persian army’s vast numbers. Several aspects of the battle were mentioned that gels with the story that Frank Miller and Zack Snyder tell on screen and through text. Kraft along with numerous other authors mention “the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 B.C was fought there because of the narrowness of the passage between the sea and the steep slope of Mt. Kallidromon.” (Kraft 182). Kraft explains why the Greeks choose the “Hot Gates” to battle the Persians as they would have a land and sea attack that would increase their advantage. The sea portion of the battle isn’t mentioned in the Frank Miller Graphic novel or the Zack Snyder film. The article demonstrates the validity of the Graphic novels theme and main battle sequence. As Kraft mentions the Persian king Xerxes and his elite army called “The Immortals” there’s a piece of history in most of the events or battles taken place in 300.

Grant R. John, “Leonidas’ Last Stand.” Phoenix 15.1 (1961): 14-27. Web.

In “Leonidas’ Last Stand” the article goes through what prompted King Leonidas to have that famous last stand at Thermopylae. Grant starts off his article by stating “The most difficult problem remains, what was the purpose of Leonidas in clinging to his position at Thermopylae when it had apparently become untenable.” (Grant 14). Successfully displayed in the movie 300 Leonidas choose to stay and fight at the battle of Thermopylae knowing his demise was imminent, instead of returning to Sparta and gathering more soldiers to wage a proper war on Xerxes. Grant wrote to one of the reasons that “retreat was dishonorable, whereas if he remained he would win great glory and enduring prosperity for Sparta.” (Grant 14). In Spartan culture retreat on the battlefield is one of the worst things imaginable and can damage your honor to the point in which a Spartan no longer wishes to live. This article is another historic factor in the plot of 300 that proves that it is possible to take a historic event and add a fantasy aspect to it for entertainment, such as mythological creatures or mutant soldiers, and still tell a somewhat historically accurate description of true historic events.

Holland, Tom. “Mirage in the Movie House.” Arion: A Journal of Humanities and the Classics 15.1 (2007): 173-182. web.

In Tom Hollands article, it is discussed that the battle of Thermopylae is too inaccurately dictated in Zack Synder and Frank Miller’s 300. The authors of the movie and the graphic novel respond by saying “It’s just entertainment.” (Holland 173). Even though it’s just entertainment movies like 300 based off of historical events always have an impact on the real world. Critics of the film and the novel would argue that it ruins the image of a great historic tale, and others would simply judge 300 based off it’s own content than it’s relevance to it’s historical value. This will help my final essay because it will discuss how the historic value of movies or books based off history has a large part in people watching them. Historic movies don’t tend to be “box office.” 300, to many peoples surprise, was box office because it focused on the entertainment factor that most people look for when they read a book or watch a movie.

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